Sustainable building selection starts with suitable location that is important for energy use, rainwater management, transportation “how the site is linked to its surroundings and land use preservation.
Site selection impacts:
- Proximity to public transportation
- Landscaping and vegetation
- Energy conservation strategies
- Reduces heat island
- Reuse previously developed sites
- Protect undeveloped land
- Develop efficient rainwater management
- Reduce light pollution
- Mix land uses
- Design compact building
- Create a walkable neighbourhood
- Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration
- Preserve open space, farmland and natural beauty
- Protect Habitat
Site color codes:
- Greenfield site: undeveloped land that currently or could be used for agriculture and should be avoided as much as possible for new projects such as a farmland, developing on these sites will contribute to loss of topsoil, increase rainwater runoff, destruction of ecosystem, disturbance of wild life and loss of plants and trees that absorb CO2.
- Brownfield site: Redeveloped site, previously used with potential perceived contamination and potential presence of pollutants such as abandoned factory.
- Infill Development: previously developed site with existing infrastructure, reducing the need for new infrastructure and save construction costs
- Dense area: Optimal site location, such as city center with sufficient infrastructure and limiting the urban sprawl limiting the number of automobiles to be used, and existing infrastructure and promote walkability to diverse uses which are common services that people might use regularly, clustering buildings helps to preserve open space and wildlife habitats as well as preserve undisturbed areas.